World IVF Day: Understanding Infertility – Unravelling Causes, Dangers, And Hope for Rising Households

On World IVF Day, learn and perceive all about infertility, its causes in each women and men, and the way sure modifications within the life-style can assist you overcome them.

Up to date Jul 25, 2023 | 11:07 AM IST

Infertility is extra widespread than one would possibly assume, impacting roughly 15 of {couples} globally

New Delhi: Infertility is a posh and difficult subject that impacts thousands and thousands of {couples} worldwide. The lack to conceive regardless of partaking in unprotected intercourse for not less than one yr may be emotionally and bodily taxing.

On this article, we’ll delve into the assorted facets of infertility, together with its causes, prevalence, threat components, and prevention methods. Each female and male infertility shall be explored, shedding mild on the challenges confronted by these longing to construct a household.

Infertility Info

Infertility is extra widespread than one would possibly assume, impacting roughly 15 per cent of {couples} globally. Upon analysing the distribution of infertility circumstances, it turns into evident that roughly 20-30per cent are attributed to male components, 20-35 per cent to feminine components, and 25-40 per cent to mixed points affecting each companions.

Causes of Male Infertility

Male infertility may result from varied components that hinder the manufacturing, perform, or supply of sperm. These might embody:

  • Irregular sperm manufacturing or perform attributable to situations like diabetes, undescended testes, or infections resembling chlamydia, gonorrhea, and mumps.
  • Issues with sperm supply, together with untimely ejaculation, sure genetic issues like cystic fibrosis, structural abnormalities, or accidents to the reproductive organs.
  • Overexposure to environmental components like pesticides, alcohol, and cigarette smoking.
  • Frequent publicity to excessive temperatures, as in saunas or sizzling tubs, which may lower sperm manufacturing.
  • Damages associated to most cancers and its therapies, together with radiation or chemotherapy.

Causes of Feminine Infertility

Feminine infertility can come up from varied points affecting the reproductive system, resembling:

  • Ovulation issues ensuing from hormonal imbalances, resembling PCOS, hyperprolactinemia, or hypothyroidism.
  • Uterine and cervical abnormalities, together with cervical polyps, uterine polyps, and fibroids that may forestall the profitable implantation of a fertilized egg.
  • Fallopian tube harm or blockage, which can trigger adhesions hindering the egg’s journey to the uterus.
  • Endometriosis, a situation the place tissue much like the uterine lining grows exterior the uterus, impacting the ovaries, tubes, and uterus.
  • Early menopause, usually seen in situations like Turner’s syndrome or carriers of fragile X syndrome.
  • Pelvic adhesions ensuing from situations like pelvic inflammatory illness (PID), endometriosis, or earlier belly or pelvic surgical procedures.
  • The affect of most cancers and its therapies, the place radiation and chemotherapy can have hostile results on fertility.

Threat Components

Each female and male infertility share some widespread threat components, together with:


Feminine fertility declines considerably within the mid-30s and quickly decreases after age 37, whereas males over 40 might expertise decreased fertility.

Tobacco use

Smoking tobacco not solely decreases the chance of being pregnant but additionally will increase the chance of miscarriage. In males, it could actually trigger erectile dysfunction and low sperm rely.

Alcohol use

Heavy alcohol consumption can lower sperm rely and motility.

Physique weight

Being both obese or underweight can adversely have an effect on fertility.

Train points

Lack of train resulting in weight problems can enhance infertility, whereas strenuous train might trigger ovulation issues.


Preventive measures can assist enhance the probabilities of conception for each women and men. Some suggestions embody:


  • Keep away from medication and tobacco use and ingesting an excessive amount of alcohol
  • Keep away from excessive temperatures in sizzling tubs and sizzling baths
  • Keep away from publicity to industrial or environmental toxins
  • Restrict medication which will trigger infertility
  • Train reasonably


  • Give up smoking
  • Keep away from alcohol and avenue medication
  • Restrict caffeine
  • Train reasonably
  • Keep away from weight extremes

Infertility shaming and stigma

Past the medical challenges, infertility may give rise to important private and societal points. {Couples} dealing with infertility might expertise social stigma, emotional misery, isolation, and even divorce. It’s essential to acknowledge and tackle these challenges with compassion and assist.


Infertility is a widespread subject impacting quite a few {couples} worldwide. Understanding the causes, threat components, and prevention methods is important in navigating this journey. By fostering consciousness and assist, we are able to create a extra empathetic and understanding atmosphere for these coping with infertility, paving the way in which for hope and prospects in constructing a household.

The article has been authored by Dr. Namrata Seth, Senior guide, Dept of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Amrita Hospital Faridabad

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